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Vulcan Materials
2018 Annual Report

Vulcan Announces Third Quarter 2019 Results

11/06/19
Revenues Up 14 Percent and Earnings from Continuing Operations Increase 21 Percent
Aggregates Unit Profitability Expands

BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Nov. 6, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Vulcan Materials Company (NYSE: VMC), the nation's largest producer of construction aggregates, today announced results for the quarter ended September 30, 2019.

Net earnings were $216 million, up 20 percent, and Adjusted EBITDA was $407 million, up 15 percent, compared to last year's third quarter.  The strong earnings growth was driven principally by an 18 percent increase in Aggregates segment gross profit. Aggregates shipments increased 8 percent year-over-year, and freight adjusted pricing increased 5.6 percent (5.0 percent on a mix-adjusted basis).  Adjusting for the extra shipping day in this year's third quarter, same-store shipments grew by 6 percent.  Same-store aggregates gross profit incremental flow-through rate for the trailing-twelve months was 60 percent, consistent with long-term expectations.

Tom Hill, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, said, "We continued to execute well during the third quarter.  The growth in our aggregates shipments and improvement in pricing were strong.  Importantly, our industry-leading aggregates unit profitability increased 9 percent.  We remain focused on creating long-term value by compounding unit margins through our four strategic initiatives – commercial excellence, operational excellence, strategic sourcing and logistics innovation, which enhance price growth and operating efficiencies.   

"Through the first nine months, aggregates shipments have exceeded the upper end of our expectations, pricing has increased in line with our expectations, and we have delivered good incremental earnings.  As we consider our outlook for the full year, we expect to finish the year with aggregates profitability better than originally expected.  We expect non-aggregates gross profit to be lower than original expectations but in line with 2018 results, offsetting higher aggregates earnings.  For the full year, we are reaffirming our outlook for double-digit earnings growth.  We expect earnings from continuing operations between $4.55 and $5.05 per diluted share with Adjusted EBITDA between $1.250 and $1.330 billion." 

Highlights as of September 30, 2019 include:


Third Quarter


Year-to-Date


Trailing Twelve Months

Amounts in millions, except per unit data

2019

2018


2019

2018


2019

2018

Total revenues

$1,418.8

$1,240.2


$3,743.0

$3,294.8


$   4,831.0

$   4,272.3

Gross profit

$   400.6

$   343.1


$   962.8

$   825.7


$   1,238.1

$   1,067.2

Aggregates segment









Segment sales

$1,133.1

$   983.7


$3,030.1

$2,639.7


$   3,904.1

$   3,409.2

Freight-adjusted revenues

$   858.5

$   749.8


$2,293.6

$2,009.7


$   2,951.2

$   2,605.7

Gross profit

$   357.2

$   303.8


$   872.1

$   735.5


$   1,128.5

$     942.0

Shipments (tons)

60.9

56.2


163.8

151.7


213.6

197.7

Freight-adjusted sales price per ton

$   14.10

$   13.35


$   14.00

$   13.25


$      13.82

$     13.18

Gross profit per ton

$     5.87

$     5.41


$     5.32

$     4.85


$       5.28

$       4.77

Asphalt, Concrete & Calcium segment gross profit

$     43.4

$     39.4


$     90.7

$     90.2


$      109.6

$     125.1

Selling, Administrative and General (SAG)

$     88.8

$     81.6


$   274.7

$   249.0


$      359.1

$     334.9

SAG as % of Total revenues

6.3%

6.6%


7.3%

7.6%


7.4%

7.8%

Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes

$   271.5

$   220.5


$   591.7

$   469.4


$      745.6

$     483.7

Net earnings

$   215.7

$   179.2


$   476.6

$   391.8


$      600.6

$     719.3

Adjusted EBIT

$   310.6

$   264.1


$   692.6

$   589.7


$      888.4

$     744.9

Adjusted EBITDA

$   406.8

$   353.5


$   971.6

$   846.2


$   1,257.1

$   1,079.3

Earnings from continuing operations per diluted share

$     1.63

$     1.34


$     3.60

$     2.94


$       4.53

$       5.37

Adjusted earnings from continuing operations per diluted share

$     1.68

$     1.40


$     3.62

$     3.07


$       4.61

$       3.80

Segment Results

Aggregates
Third quarter segment sales increased 15 percent, and gross profit increased 18 percent to $357 million.  Unit margins increased $0.46 per ton, or 9 percent, to $5.87 per ton.  These improvements resulted from growth in shipments, price improvements and execution of operating disciplines and efficiencies.

A healthy demand environment, led by transportation-related construction, was the principal driver of volume growth and price improvement.  Third quarter aggregates shipments increased 8 percent as compared to the prior year quarter.  Most markets reported solid shipment growth, including double-digit growth in certain markets in the Mid-Atlantic, Southeast and Texas.  All of the Company's key markets reported year-over-year price growth.  For the quarter, freight-adjusted average sales price increased 5.6 percent versus the prior year's quarter.  Mix-adjusted average sales price increased 5.0 percent.  Positive trends in backlogged project work, along with demand visibility and customer confidence, support our expectations for continued price improvement throughout the remainder of 2019.

Third quarter same-store unit cost of sales (freight-adjusted) increased 3 percent as compared to the prior year quarter.  Trailing-twelve month same-store incremental gross profit flow-through rate was 60 percent, in-line with long-term expectations.  Quarterly gross profit flow-through rates can vary widely from quarter to quarter; therefore, the Company evaluates this metric on a trailing-twelve month basis.

Asphalt, Concrete and Calcium
Asphalt segment gross profit was $28 million for the third quarter, an increase of $4 million from the prior year.  Asphalt mix shipments increased 18 percent and selling prices increased 3 percent, or $1.62 per ton, in the third quarter.  The average unit cost for liquid asphalt was 6 percent higher than the prior year quarter.  Material margins in the quarter were slightly lower than the prior year's third quarter.   

Concrete segment gross profit was $15 million, 3 percent higher than the prior year quarter.  Shipments were 0.9 million cubic yards, up from 0.8 million cubic yards in the prior year.  Average selling prices increased 1 percent. 

Calcium segment gross profit was $0.8 million, a slight decrease versus the prior year quarter.

Capital Allocation and Financial Position
Capital expenditures in the third quarter included $39 million of core operating and maintenance capital to improve or replace existing property, plant and equipment.  In addition, the Company invested $42 million in internal growth projects to secure new aggregates reserves, develop new production sites, and enhance the Company's distribution capabilities.  Through the nine months ended September 2019, core operating and maintenance capital investment totaled $171 million, and internal growth projects investment was $136 million.  The Company's full-year expectations remain unchanged at $250 million for core operating and maintenance capital and $200 million for internal growth projects.

During the quarter, the Company returned $41 million to shareholders through dividends, an 11 percent increase versus the prior year quarter.  The Company also repurchased shares totaling $3 million.  At quarter-end, total debt was $2.8 billion, or 2.2 times trailing-twelve month Adjusted EBITDA.

Selling, Administrative and General (SAG) and Other Operating Expenses
SAG expense in the quarter was $89 million versus $82 million in the prior year quarter.  The year-over-year increase was due mainly to compensation-related expense, including incentives that are tied to earnings expectations and the share price performance, as well as investment in people and processes intended to capture benefits from the Company's strategic initiatives.  On a trailing-twelve month basis, SAG expense as a percentage of total revenues was 7.4 percent, 40 basis points lower than the prior year period.  The Company remains focused on further leveraging its overhead structure.

Other operating expense in the quarter included a pretax charge of $6.5 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, for managerial restructuring.

Outlook
Regarding the Company's outlook, Mr. Hill stated, "We are reaffirming our full year earnings outlook for 2019.  As we enter the final quarter of this year, we are well positioned to have a strong finish to the year, achieving another year of double-digit earnings growth.

"Looking ahead to 2020, we expect another year of strong earnings growth, led by improvement in aggregates unit margins.  With respect to aggregates shipments, our preliminary outlook is for low-to-mid single digit growth.  Vulcan-served markets should continue to benefit from public construction demand, led by significantly higher levels of highway funding in our key states.  Private construction shipment momentum remains positive across most of our markets.  We expect this shipment momentum to continue into 2020.  Demand fundamentals, including population and employment growth, continue to support longer-term growth in residential and nonresidential construction.  We also expect a positive pricing environment as the shipment momentum in private demand and visibility of public demand should help drive sales price increases similar to 2019's mid-single digits range. 

"We remain keenly focused on compounding unit margins through the cycle.  Going forward, these compounding unit margins together with disciplined capital allocation priorities will position us well to grow our cash flows and improve our returns on invested capital."

Conference Call
Vulcan will host a conference call at 10:00 a.m. CT on November 6, 2019.  A webcast will be available via the Company's website at www.vulcanmaterials.com.  Investors and other interested parties may access the teleconference live by calling 866-575-6539, or 929-477-0448 if outside the U.S., approximately 10 minutes before the scheduled start.  The conference ID is 7995538.  The conference call will be recorded and available for replay at the Company's website approximately two hours after the call.

Vulcan Materials Company, a member of the S&P 500 Index with headquarters in Birmingham, Alabama, is the nation's largest producer of construction aggregates – primarily crushed stone, sand and gravel – and a major producer of aggregates-based construction materials, including asphalt mix and ready-mixed concrete.  For additional information about Vulcan, go to www.vulcanmaterials.com.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENT DISCLAIMER
This document contains forward-looking statements.  Statements that are not historical fact, including statements about Vulcan's beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements.  Generally, these statements relate to future financial performance, results of operations, business plans or strategies, projected or anticipated revenues, expenses, earnings (including EBITDA and other measures), dividend policy, shipment volumes, pricing, levels of capital expenditures, intended cost reductions and cost savings, anticipated profit improvements and/or planned divestitures and asset sales.  These forward-looking statements are sometimes identified by the use of terms and phrases such as "believe," "should," "would," "expect," "project," "estimate," "anticipate," "intend," "plan," "will," "can," "may" or similar expressions elsewhere in this document.  These statements are subject to numerous risks, uncertainties, and assumptions, including but not limited to general business conditions, competitive factors, pricing, energy costs, and other risks and uncertainties discussed in the reports Vulcan periodically files with the SEC.

Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results, developments, and business decisions may vary significantly from those expressed in or implied by the forward-looking statements.  The following risks related to Vulcan's business, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements: general economic and business conditions; Vulcan's dependence on the construction industry, which is subject to economic cycles; the timing and amount of federal, state and local funding for infrastructure; changes in the level of spending for private residential and private nonresidential construction; changes in Vulcan's effective tax rate; the increasing reliance on information technology infrastructure for Vulcan's ticketing, procurement, financial statements and other processes could adversely affect operations in the event that the infrastructure does not work as intended, experiences technical difficulties or is subjected to cyber-attacks; the impact of the state of the global economy on Vulcan's businesses and financial condition and access to capital markets; the highly competitive nature of the construction materials industry; the impact of future regulatory or legislative actions, including those relating to climate change, wetlands, greenhouse gas emissions, the definition of minerals, tax policy or international trade; the outcome of pending legal proceedings; pricing of Vulcan's products; weather and other natural phenomena, including the impact of climate change; energy costs; costs of hydrocarbon-based raw materials; healthcare costs; the amount of long-term debt and interest expense incurred by Vulcan; changes in interest rates; volatility in pension plan asset values and liabilities, which may require cash contributions to the pension plans; the impact of environmental cleanup costs and other liabilities relating to existing and/or divested businesses; Vulcan's ability to secure and permit aggregates reserves in strategically located areas; Vulcan's ability to manage and successfully integrate acquisitions; the effect of changes in tax laws, guidance and interpretations; significant downturn in the construction industry may result in the impairment of goodwill or long-lived assets; changes in technologies, which could disrupt the way Vulcan does business and how Vulcan's products are distributed; and other assumptions, risks and uncertainties detailed from time to time in the reports filed by Vulcan with the SEC.  All forward-looking statements in this communication are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement.  Vulcan disclaims and does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement in this document except as required by law.

 











Table A

Vulcan Materials Company








and Subsidiary Companies
















(in thousands, except per share data)





Three Months Ended


Nine Months Ended

Consolidated Statements of Earnings


September 30


September 30

(Condensed and unaudited)


2019


2018


2019


2018












Total revenues


$1,418,758


$1,240,197


$3,742,951


$3,294,822

Cost of revenues


1,018,115


897,055


2,780,131


2,469,161

Gross profit


400,643


343,142


962,820


825,661

Selling, administrative and general expenses


88,789


81,606


274,747


248,989

Gain on sale of property, plant & equipment









and businesses


234


2,104


10,982


8,374

Other operating expense, net


(8,712)


(14,456)


(15,173)


(23,822)

Operating earnings


303,376


249,184


683,882


561,224

Other nonoperating income, net


359


4,890


5,954


12,708

Interest expense, net


32,197


33,547


98,165


104,566

Earnings from continuing operations









before income taxes


271,538


220,527


591,671


469,366

Income tax expense


53,472


40,663


111,764


75,805

Earnings from continuing operations


218,066


179,864


479,907


393,561

Loss on discontinued operations, net of tax


(2,353)


(713)


(3,338)


(1,778)

Net earnings


$215,713


$179,151


$476,569


$391,783












Basic earnings (loss) per share









Continuing operations


$1.65


$1.36


$3.63


$2.97

Discontinued operations


($0.02)


($0.01)


($0.03)


($0.01)

Net earnings


$1.63


$1.35


$3.60


$2.96












Diluted earnings (loss) per share









Continuing operations


$1.63


$1.34


$3.60


$2.94

Discontinued operations


($0.01)


$0.00


($0.02)


($0.02)

Net earnings


$1.62


$1.34


$3.58


$2.92























Weighted-average common shares outstanding









Basic


132,414


132,392


132,244


132,505

Assuming dilution


133,375


133,894


133,273


134,079

Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization


$96,247


$89,390


$278,925


$256,463

Effective tax rate from continuing operations


19.7%


18.4%


18.9%


16.2%

 

 









Table B

Vulcan Materials Company







and Subsidiary Companies















(in thousands)

Consolidated Balance Sheets


September 30


December 31


September 30

(Condensed and unaudited)


2019


2018


2018

Assets







Cash and cash equivalents


$90,411


$40,037


$38,026

Restricted cash


691


4,367


5,043

Accounts and notes receivable







Accounts and notes receivable, gross


727,900


542,868


648,009

Allowance for doubtful accounts


(2,960)


(2,090)


(2,294)

Accounts and notes receivable, net


724,940


540,778


645,715

Inventories







Finished products


364,164


372,604


346,940

Raw materials


31,250


27,942


29,078

Products in process


6,062


3,064


2,668

Operating supplies and other


28,184


25,720


29,966

Inventories


429,660


429,330


408,652

Other current assets


78,540


64,633


78,476

Total current assets


1,324,242


1,079,145


1,175,912

Investments and long-term receivables


57,059


44,615


42,944

Property, plant & equipment







Property, plant & equipment, cost


8,657,731


8,457,619


8,386,315

Allowances for depreciation, depletion & amortization


(4,370,386)


(4,220,312)


(4,197,592)

Property, plant & equipment, net


4,287,345


4,237,307


4,188,723

Operating lease right-of-use assets, net


410,833


0


0

Goodwill


3,167,061


3,165,396


3,169,615

Other intangible assets, net


1,071,330


1,095,378


1,099,354

Other noncurrent assets


221,803


210,289


199,087

Total assets


$10,539,673


$9,832,130


$9,875,635

Liabilities







Current maturities of long-term debt


24


23


23

Short-term debt


0


133,000


200,000

Trade payables and accruals


265,012


216,473


233,885

Other current liabilities


270,248


253,054


256,507

Total current liabilities


535,284


602,550


690,415

Long-term debt


2,783,068


2,779,357


2,778,129

Deferred income taxes, net


628,726


567,283


581,026

Deferred revenue


180,541


186,397


186,829

Operating lease liabilities


391,079


0


0

Other noncurrent liabilities


478,736


493,640


493,447

Total liabilities


$4,997,434


$4,629,227


$4,729,846

Equity







Common stock, $1 par value


132,350


131,762


132,045

Capital in excess of par value


2,785,245


2,798,486


2,795,366

Retained earnings


2,795,834


2,444,870


2,361,903

Accumulated other comprehensive loss


(171,190)


(172,215)


(143,525)

Total equity


$5,542,239


$5,202,903


$5,145,789

Total liabilities and equity


$10,539,673


$9,832,130


$9,875,635

 

 








Table C

Vulcan Materials Company





and Subsidiary Companies










 

(in thousands)






Nine Months Ended

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows


September 30

(Condensed and unaudited)


2019


2018

Operating Activities





Net earnings




$476,569


$391,783

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities



Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization


278,925


256,463

Noncash operating lease expense


26,349


0

Net gain on sale of property, plant & equipment and businesses


(10,982)


(8,374)

Contributions to pension plans


(6,767)


(107,202)

Share-based compensation expense


24,815


21,650

Deferred tax expense (benefit)


62,232


76,779

Cost of debt purchase


0


6,922

Changes in assets and liabilities before initial





effects of business acquisitions and dispositions


(221,001)


(67,836)

Other, net





15,989


2,446

Net cash provided by operating activities


$646,129


$572,631

Investing Activities





Purchases of property, plant & equipment


(306,893)


(348,238)

Proceeds from sale of property, plant & equipment


12,112


12,838

Proceeds from sale of businesses


1,744


11,256

Payment for businesses acquired, net of acquired cash


1,122


(213,138)

Other, net





(11,342)


(12,216)

Net cash used for investing activities


($303,257)


($549,498)

Financing Activities





Proceeds from short-term debt


366,900


514,900

Payment of short-term debt


(499,900)


(314,900)

Payment of current maturities and long-term debt


(17)


(892,049)

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt


0


850,000

Debt issuance and exchange costs


0


(45,513)

Settlements of interest rate derivatives


0


3,378

Purchases of common stock


(2,602)


(99,916)

Dividends paid




(122,943)


(111,192)

Share-based compensation, shares withheld for taxes


(37,612)


(31,418)

Net cash used for financing activities


($296,174)


($126,710)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash


46,698


(103,577)

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year


44,404


146,646

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period


$91,102


$43,069

 

 












Table D

Segment Financial Data and Unit Shipments












(in thousands, except per unit data)






Three Months Ended


Nine Months Ended






September 30


September 30






2019


2018


2019


2018

Total Revenues









Aggregates 1


$1,133,085


$983,731


$3,030,111


$2,639,653

Asphalt 2


270,237


231,700


649,490


547,363

Concrete 


112,964


101,719


300,369


309,404

Calcium 


2,119


1,912


6,073


6,136

Segment sales


$1,518,405


$1,319,062


$3,986,043


$3,502,556

Aggregates intersegment sales


(99,647)


(78,865)


(243,092)


(207,734)

Total revenues


$1,418,758


$1,240,197


$3,742,951


$3,294,822

Gross Profit









Aggregates


$357,202


$303,787


$872,133


$735,484

Asphalt



27,639


23,857


51,950


49,853

Concrete 


15,037


14,587


36,487


38,098

Calcium 





765


911


2,250


2,226

Total




$400,643


$343,142


$962,820


$825,661

Depreciation, Depletion, Accretion and Amortization




Aggregates


$78,978


$72,729


$227,259


$208,420

Asphalt



8,909


8,428


26,343


22,728

Concrete 


3,371


3,041


9,662


9,504

Calcium 


59


68


177


207

Other




4,930


5,124


15,484


15,604

Total




$96,247


$89,390


$278,925


$256,463

Average Unit Sales Price and Unit Shipments





Aggregates









Freight-adjusted revenues 3


$858,522


$749,785


$2,293,573


$2,009,711

Aggregates - tons


60,898


56,170


163,845


151,659

Freight-adjusted sales price 4


$14.10


$13.35


$14.00


$13.25













Other Products









Asphalt Mix - tons


4,007


3,399


9,624


8,548

Asphalt Mix - sales price


$58.20


$56.58


$57.76


$54.84













Ready-mixed concrete - cubic yards

875


795


2,359


2,487

Ready-mixed concrete - sales price


$127.99


$126.42


$126.19


$123.06













Calcium - tons


75


67


216


215

Calcium - sales price


$28.33


$28.29


$28.04


$28.43













1Includes product sales (crushed stone, sand and gravel, sand, and other aggregates), as well as freight & delivery

     costs that we pass along to our customers, and service revenues related to aggregates.

2Includes product sales, as well as service revenues from our asphalt construction paving business.

3Freight-adjusted revenues are Aggregates segment sales excluding freight & delivery revenues and immaterial

     other revenues related to services, such as landfill tipping fees that are derived from our aggregates business.

4Freight-adjusted sales price is calculated as freight-adjusted revenues divided by aggregates unit shipments.

 

 












Appendix 1


1.   Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures





















Aggregates segment freight-adjusted revenues is not a Generally Accepted Accounting Principle (GAAP) measure. We present this metric as it is consistent with the basis by which we review our operating results. We believe that this presentation is consistent with our competitors and meaningful to our investors as it excludes revenues associated with freight & delivery, which are pass-through activities. It also excludes immaterial other revenues related to services, such as landfill tipping fees, that are derived from our aggregates business. Additionally, we use this metric as the basis for calculating the average sales price of our aggregates products. Reconciliation of this metric to its nearest GAAP measure is presented below:















Aggregates Segment Freight-Adjusted Revenues



















(in thousands, except per ton data)







Three Months Ended


Nine Months Ended







September 30


September 30







2019


2018


2019


2018


Aggregates segment










Segment sales


$1,133,085


$983,731


$3,030,111


$2,639,653


Less:       Freight & delivery revenues 1


259,417


220,993


695,924


593,411


               Other revenues


15,146


12,953


40,614


36,531


Freight-adjusted revenues


$858,522


$749,785


$2,293,573


$2,009,711


Unit shipment - tons


60,898


56,170


163,845


151,659


Freight-adjusted sales price


$14.10


$13.35


$14.00


$13.25















1At the segment level, freight & delivery revenues include intersegment freight & delivery (which are eliminated at the consolidated level) and freight to remote


  distribution sites.























Aggregates segment incremental gross profit flow-through rate is not a GAAP measure and represents the year-over-year change in gross profit divided by the year-over-year change in segment sales excluding freight & delivery (revenues and costs). We present this metric as it is consistent with the basis by which we review our operating results. We believe that this presentation is consistent with our competitors and meaningful to our investors as it excludes revenues associated with freight & delivery, which are pass-through activities. Reconciliations of these metrics to their nearest GAAP measures are presented below:















Aggregates Segment Incremental Gross Profit Margin in Accordance with GAAP













(dollars in thousands)









Three Months Ended




Nine Months Ended









September 30




September 30







2019


2018


2019


2018


Aggregates segment










Gross profit


$357,202


$303,787


$872,133


$735,484


Segment sales


$1,133,085


$983,731


$3,030,111


$2,639,653


Gross profit margin


31.5%


30.9%


28.8%


27.9%


Incremental gross profit margin


35.8%




35.0%

















Aggregates Segment Incremental Gross Profit Flow-through Rate (Non-GAAP)
















(dollars in thousands)









Three Months Ended




Nine Months Ended









September 30




September 30







2019


2018


2019


2018


Aggregates segment










Gross profit


$357,202


$303,787


$872,133


$735,484


Segment sales


$1,133,085


$983,731


$3,030,111


$2,639,653


Less:     Freight & delivery revenues 1


259,417


220,993


695,924


593,411


      Segment sales excluding freight & delivery


$873,668


$762,738


$2,334,187


$2,046,242


Gross profit flow-through rate


40.9%


39.8%


37.4%


35.9%


Incremental gross profit flow-through rate


48.2%




47.5%

















1At the segment level, freight & delivery revenues include intersegment freight & delivery (which are eliminated at the consolidated level) and freight to remote


  distribution sites.























GAAP does not define "Aggregates segment cash gross profit" and it should not be considered as an alternative to earnings measures defined by GAAP. We and the investment community use this metric to assess the operating performance of our business. Additionally, we present this metric as we believe that it closely correlates to long-term shareholder value. We do not use this metric as a measure to allocate resources.  Aggregates segment cash gross profit per ton is computed by dividing Aggregates segment cash gross profit by tons shipped. Reconciliation of this metric to its nearest GAAP measure is presented below:















Aggregates Segment Cash Gross Profit



















(in thousands, except per ton data)









Three Months Ended




Nine Months Ended









September 30




September 30







2019


2018


2019


2018


Aggregates segment










Gross profit


$357,202


$303,787


$872,133


$735,484


Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization


78,978


72,729


227,259


208,420


      Aggregates segment cash gross profit


$436,180


$376,516


$1,099,392


$943,904


Unit shipments - tons


60,898


56,170


163,845


151,659


Aggregates segment cash gross profit per ton


$7.16


$6.70


$6.71


$6.22


 

 
















Appendix 2

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures (Continued)

























GAAP does not define "Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization" (EBITDA) and it should not be considered as an alternative to earnings measures defined by GAAP. We use this metric to assess the operating performance of our business and as a basis for strategic planning and forecasting as we believe that it closely correlates to long-term shareholder value. We do not use this metric as a measure to allocate resources. We adjust EBITDA for certain items to provide a more consistent comparison of earnings performance from period to period. Reconciliation of this metric to its nearest GAAP measure is presented below:

















EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA




























(in thousands)








Three Months Ended




Nine Months Ended




TTM








September 30




September 30




September 30






2019


2018


2019


2018


2019


2018

Net earnings


$215,713


$179,151


$476,569


$391,783


$600,591


$719,329

Income tax expense (benefit)


53,472


40,663


111,764


75,805


141,408


(237,827)

Interest expense, net


32,197


33,547


98,165


104,566


131,022


241,079

Loss on discontinued operations, net of tax


2,353


713


3,338


1,778


3,596


2,201

EBIT




$303,735


$254,074


$689,836


$573,932


$876,617


$724,782

Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization


96,247


89,390


278,925


256,463


368,708


334,454

EBITDA



$399,982


$343,464


$968,761


$830,395


$1,245,325


$1,059,236


Gain on sale of businesses


0


0


(4,064)


(2,929)


(4,064)


(13,437)


Property donation


0


0


0


0


0


4,290


Business interruption claims recovery


0


(559)


0


(2,253)


0


(2,253)


Charges associated with divested operations


0


10,048


0


10,048


8,497


11,595


Business development 1


403


220


403


5,202


403


7,482


One-time employee bonuses


0


0


0


0


0


6,716


Restructuring charges 2


6,457


316


6,457


5,706


6,970


5,706

Adjusted EBITDA


$406,842


$353,489


$971,557


$846,169


$1,257,131


$1,079,335


Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization


(96,247)


(89,390)


(278,925)


(256,463)


(368,708)


(334,454)

Adjusted EBIT


$310,595


$264,099


$692,632


$589,706


$888,423


$744,881

1Represents non-routine charges associated with acquisitions including the cost impact of purchase accounting inventory valuations.




2Restructuring charges are included within other operating expenses. The 2019 charges relate to a managerial restructuring.





















Similar to our presentation of Adjusted EBITDA, we present Adjusted Diluted EPS from continuing operations to provide a more consistent comparison of earnings performance from period to period.

































Adjusted Diluted EPS from Continuing Operations (Adjusted Diluted EPS)
































Three Months Ended




Nine Months Ended




TTM








September 30




September 30




September 30






2019


2018


2019


2018


2019


2018

Diluted EPS from continuing operations


$1.63


$1.34


$3.60


$2.94


$4.53


$5.37


Items included in Adjusted EBITDA above


0.05


0.06


0.02


0.09


0.08


0.10


Debt refinancing costs


0.00


0.00


0.00


0.04


0.00


0.53


Tax reform income tax savings


0.00


0.00


0.00


0.00


0.00


(1.99)


Alabama NOL carryforward valuation allowance


0.00


0.00


0.00


0.00


0.00


(0.21)

Adjusted Diluted EPS


$1.68


$1.40


$3.62


$3.07


$4.61


$3.80

















The following reconciliation to the mid-point of the range of 2019 Projected EBITDA excludes adjustments (as noted in Adjusted EBITDA above) as they are difficult to forecast (timing or amount). Due to the difficulty in forecasting such adjustments, we are unable to estimate their significance. This metric is not defined by GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to earnings measures defined by GAAP.  Reconciliation of this metric to its nearest GAAP measure is presented below:

















2019 Projected EBITDA


























(in millions)
















Mid-point



Net earnings










$640



Income tax expense










150



Interest expense, net










130



Discontinued operations, net of tax










0



Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization










370



Projected EBITDA










$1,290



 

Vulcan Materials Company, Birmingham, AL. (PRNewsFoto/Vulcan Materials Company) (PRNewsFoto/) (PRNewsFoto/)

 

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SOURCE Vulcan Materials Company

Contact

Vulcan Materials Company
Corporate Office
1200 Urban Center Drive
P.O. Box 385014
Birmingham, AL 35242

Tel: (205) 298-3000